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Vertical stabilisers

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  • #16
    Pic 1 Hummingbird gyro. Pic 2 Hummingbird hybrid direct drive turbo ea81 with 100kg pilot flew 2 hour to Watt Bridge can't remember from were thinking Maryborough pic 3 Kerry Keys machine work was done by me but was changed soon after for the reasons stated in previous post.


    • #17
      I think I posted in the incorrect spot new to posting

      I see several comment regarding v tails so I thought.... Probably my first mistake!
      You mentioned the v tail and how they perform from a gyro prospective
      I to remember the bonanza tails and wanted to know more myself.
      Many years ago if my memory serves me correctly, the early hummingbird gyros had a v tail and after speaking with one of the early creator who flew these aircraft, raved about how well they flew
      Curiosity got the better of me so I manufactured one identically from the original drawings and these are my conclusions.
      Firstly the tail was mounted low similarly like the early Benson designs.
      It was a 90 degrees design with a 6" flat section joining the v shape.
      This design is both horizontal and vertical stabilisation in one with the control surfaces being two rudderons to control pitch and yaw.
      Basically there is no horizontal stabilisation because there is nothing in the propellor wash at low speed as air speed increases the control surfaces take effect and work exceptional well. Now saying that!
      The down site to this is when taxing with rotor spinning at flight speed is that if you unload the front wheel before reaching enough forward velocity for the v tail design to take effect aerodynamically the gyro will yaw dramatically possible causing a rollover.
      I managed to avoid this purely by fluke and not good management but I did manage to scare myself shirtless several times.
      If you pin the front wheel with this design when pre rotating and during your take off roll at all time when there isn't sufficient rudder response dew to low air flow over the tail all will be good.
      I found from memory with regards to the design I tried you needed at least 30 knots IAS for this design to have any rudder effect. HS on tall tail and Benson design tails both have better yaw effect at lower speed due to being in the direct propellor air stream in my experience
      The problem only becomes a issue if airspeed decays below the aerodynamically effectiveness of this design
      I abandoned this design as this could catch you out very easily if you were not aware of these pitfalls.
      I later re-bent the tail section to 20 degrees. 10 degrees each side from vertical effectively creating a twin vertical stabiliser which put it into the propeller wash, making it much more responsive to rudder at low speed.
      later I installed a horizontal stabiliser to the top of the twin vertical stabilisers which later stiffened up the tail section and made a convenient place to install a HS and into the propeller wash to boot. How's that for good management. Well it did repurpose the materials which was a bonus.


      • #18
        My first two seater frame was made by Hummingbird with their V tail. Terrible thing. I had to immediately replace it with fin and rudder larger than the standard Bensen.

        Aussie Paul.


        • #19
          The only hummingbird I ever flew had the worst rudder response of any tail design I've flown. Very poor in X wind take offs and negligible response when landing correctly. You always had to land into wind unless you touched down at Euro tub speeds, which can always be iffy with a short wheelbase and foot steering.
          Waddles is right, the prop slipstream converges behind the prop simply because the low pressure created ahead of the prop draws air in from all directions including outside the prop tip arc and squeezes it towards the centre (high pressure) as it exits the prop. This is most pronounced at low speeds and high throttle settings.
          Technically the most efficient rudder is a symmetrical airfoil which is aligned with the airflow (least drag) and has enough "volume" to effect adequate yaw control, even in a power off situation. With the varying rudder designs and being so close to the prop, there is no such thing as one design that suits all conditions and configurations.
          Please excuse my rough 5 minute sketch.
          NB, I wonder why Beechcraft discontinued the V tail?
          Click image for larger version  Name:	image.jpeg Views:	1 Size:	22.3 KB ID:	36647


          • #20
            I'll try to improve on my propeller slipstream diagram (and my posting ability)


            • RossM
              RossM commented
              Editing a comment
              OCD coming out in you Tim
              (obsessive compulsive disorder, everything has to be spot on)
              [cannot use smiley symbol in a comment post]
              The pod will make a lot of turbulence in front of the pod, (maybe not for a Newo or some of the euro's)
              Last edited by RossM; 30-10-2017, 05:23 PM.

          • #21
            Yes Ross, I took another look at my first diagram and thought I must have been drunk (even though I don't drink).